Human evidence that the Cystatin C Gene is implicated in focal progression of Coronary Artery Disease
Eriksson, Per, Deguchi, Hiroyuki, Samnegard, Ann, Lundman, Pia, Boquist, Susanna, Tornvall, Per, Ericsson, Carl-Goran, Bergstrand, Lott, Hansson, Lars-Olof, Ye, Shu and Hamsten, Anders (2004) Human evidence that the Cystatin C Gene is implicated in focal progression of Coronary Artery Disease. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 24, (3), 551-557. (doi:10.1161/01.ATV.0000117180.57731.36).
Full text not available from this repository.
Objective— Overexpression of elastolytic cysteine and aspartic proteases, known as cathepsins, is implicated in atherogenesis. The potential significance of imbalance in expression between cathepsins and their inhibitor cystatin C in cardiovascular disease has been highlighted by the demonstration of cystatin C deficiency in human atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Methods and Results— We identified and characterized physiologically relevant polymorphisms in the promoter region of the cystatin C gene that influence cystatin C production and used these polymorphisms as a tool to examine the significance of cystatin C in coronary atherosclerosis in vivo in humans. Seven polymorphisms, all in strong-linkage disequilibrium, were identified in the cystatin C gene, of which 2 promoter polymorphisms (-82G/C and -78T/G) were functional in vitro in electromobility shift and transient transfection assays. Genotyping of 1105 individuals (237 survivors of a first myocardial infarction before age 60 and 2 independent groups comprising a total of 868 healthy individuals) revealed that the plasma cystatin C concentration was significantly lower in carriers of the mutant haplotype. Furthermore, the mutant haplotype was associated with a higher average number of stenoses per coronary artery segment in unselected postinfarction patients (N=237) undergoing routine coronary angiography.
Conclusions— These results provide human evidence for an important role of cystatin C in coronary artery disease.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||doi:10.1161/01.ATV.0000117180.57731.36|
|Keywords:||cystatin c, genetics, coronary artery disease, promoter, remodeling|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Human Genetics
|Date Deposited:||04 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||06 Aug 2015 02:24|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
Actions (login required)