Influence of TNFalpha and LTalpha single nucleotide polymorphisms on susceptibility to and prognosis in cutaneous malignant melanoma in the British population
Howell, W.M., Turner, S.J., Collins, A., Bateman, A.C. and Theaker, J.M. (2002) Influence of TNFalpha and LTalpha single nucleotide polymorphisms on susceptibility to and prognosis in cutaneous malignant melanoma in the British population. European Journal of Immunogenetics, 29, (1), 17-23. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-2370.2002.00269.x).
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Cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) is a potentially fatal malignancy in which exposure to UV light is the most important risk factor. Several lines of evidence suggest that increased expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) α, upregulated by UV exposure, may contribute to tumour escape from the immune response. In this study, we addressed whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TNFα promoter and lymphotoxin (LT) α gene are associated with susceptibility to or known prognostic indicators (e.g. initial tumour growth phase, Breslow thickness, mitotic count in vertical growth phase tumours, and tumour regression) in CMM. One hundred and forty-six British Caucasian CMM patients and 220 controls were typed for TNFα−376, −308 and −238 and LTα +252 SNPs by ARMS-PCR. Only the TNFα−238 GG (P = 0.05) and GA (P = 0.03) genotypes showed slight, but significant, associations with CMM, while LTα +252 AA was associated with a higher mitotic count in vertical growth phase tumours (P = 0.02). Both TNFα−238 and LTα +252 SNPs showed linkage disequilibrium with HLA-DQB1*0303 and *0301 alleles, variably implicated in CMM susceptibility/prognosis. In addition, TNFα−238, −308, LTα +252 haplotypes were assigned and compared. The GGA haplotype showed a modest association with CMM (P = 0.04) and with stage of disease (P = 0.03) and initial growth phase in CMM (P = 0.02), but these associations were only significant when P-values were uncorrected. Unlike basal cell carcinoma, these preliminary findings suggest that genetic variation associated with differential TNFα and LTα production is unlikely to play a major, independent role in susceptibility to, and perhaps prognosis in, CMM.
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
|Date Deposited:||04 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 18:13|
|Contact Email Address:||M.Howell@soton.ac.uk|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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