Independent effects of the -219 G>T and ε2/ ε3/ ε4 polymorphisms in the apolipoprotein E gene on coronary artery disease: the Southampton Atherosclerosis Study
Ye, Shu, Dunleavey, Louise, Bannister, Wendy, Day, Lorna B., Tapper, William, Collins, Andrew R., Day, Ian N.M. and Simpson, Iain (2003) Independent effects of the -219 G>T and ε2/ ε3/ ε4 polymorphisms in the apolipoprotein E gene on coronary artery disease: the Southampton Atherosclerosis Study. European Journal of Human Genetics, 11, (6), 437-443. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200983).
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A number of studies have shown that coronary artery disease severity is associated with the ε2/ ε3/ ε4 polymorphism in the coding region of the apolipoprotein E gene. In this study, we investigated whether the severity of the disease was also influenced by a functional polymorphism (-219 G>T) in the promoter of the gene, and if so, whether the effects of the two polymorphisms were independent. A cohort of 1170 patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease were genotyped for the two polymorphisms. The frequency of the 4 allele of the ε2/ ε3/ ε4 polymorphism increased linearly with increasing number of diseased vessels, so did the -219T allele of the -219 G>T polymorphism. In the sample as a whole, logistic regression analyses indicated that compared with the G/G genotype, the T/T genotype conferred an odds ratio of 1.598 (95% CI=1.161-2.201, P=0.004) in favor of increased disease severity, and the relationship remained significant after adjustment for ε2/ε 3/ ε4 polymorphism genotypes, plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and other risk factors. The effect of the T/T genotype on disease severity was more significant in patients who did not carry the 4 allele (OR=1.510, 95% CI=1.028-2.221) than in 4 allele carriers (OR=1.303, 95% CI=0.619-2.742). There was considerable linkage disequilibrium between the two polymorphisms (=0.9, P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that the -219T-4 haplotype conferred an odds ratio of 1.488 (95% CI=1.133-1.954). These findings suggest that the -219 G>T and 2/3/4 polymorphisms, which may affect respectively the quantity and quality of apoE, have independent and possibly additive effects on coronary artery disease severity.
|Keywords:||apolipoprotein e, genetic polymorphism, linkage disequilibrium, coronary artery disease|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RB Pathology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Human Genetics
|Date Deposited:||05 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 12:04|
|Contributors:||Ye, Shu (Author)
Dunleavey, Louise (Author)
Bannister, Wendy (Author)
Day, Lorna B. (Author)
Tapper, William (Author)
Collins, Andrew R. (Author)
Day, Ian N.M. (Author)
Simpson, Iain (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||Shu.Ye@soton.ac.uk|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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