Artificial Life: Synthetic Versus Virtual


Harnad, Stevan (1993) Artificial Life: Synthetic Versus Virtual. Artificial Life III Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity.

Download

[img] HTML
Download (39Kb)

Description/Abstract

Artificial life can take two forms: synthetic and virtual. In principle, the materials and properties of synthetic living systems could differ radically from those of natural living systems yet still resemble them enough to be really alive if they are grounded in the relevant causal interactions with the real world. Virtual (purely computational) "living" systems, in contrast, are just ungrounded symbol systems that are systematically interpretable as if they were alive; in reality they are no more alive than a virtual furnace is hot. Virtual systems are better viewed as "symbolic oracles" that can be used (interpreted) to predict and explain real systems, but not to instantiate them. The vitalistic overinterpretation of virtual life is related to the animistic overinterpretation of virtual minds and is probably based on an implicit (and possibly erroneous) intuition that living things have actual or potential mental lives.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: Artificial Life III. Proceedings, Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Volume XVI.
Divisions: Faculty of Physical Sciences and Engineering > Electronics and Computer Science > Web & Internet Science
ePrint ID: 253368
Date Deposited: 26 May 2000
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 19:55
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/253368

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics