Prevalence of risk of undernutrition is associated with poor health status in older people in the UK


Margetts, B.M., Thompson, R.L., Elia, M. and Jackson, A.A. (2003) Prevalence of risk of undernutrition is associated with poor health status in older people in the UK. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57, (1), 69-74. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601499).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601499

Description/Abstract

Objectives: To establish the prevalence of the risk of undernutrition, using criteria similar to those used by the Malnutrition Advisory Group (MAG), in people aged 65 y and over, and to identify relationships between risk of undernutrition and health and demographic characteristics.

Design: A cross-sectional nationally representative sample of free-living and institutionalized older people in the UK (65 y of age and over). Secondary analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey based on 1368 people aged 65 y and over.

Results: About 14% (21% in those living in institutions) were at medium or high risk of undernutrition based on a composite measure of low body mass index and recent reported weight loss. Having a long-standing illness was associated with a statistically significantly increased risk of undernutrition (odds ratio: men 2.34, 95% CI 1.20-4.58; women 2.98; 1.58-5.62). The risk of undernutrition increased: in women reporting bad or very bad health status; in men living in northern England and Scotland; for those aged 85 y and older; for those hospitalized in the last year, and those living in an institution. Lower consumption of energy, meat products or fruit and vegetables and lower blood measures of zinc, vitamins A, D, E and C were associated with statistically significantly increased risk of undernutrition.

Conclusions: A substantial proportion of the older population of the UK is at risk of undernutrition. High-risk subjects are more likely to have poorer health status. It is unlikely that the individuals at high risk are being detected currently, and therefore effective care is not being provided, either in the community or in institutions.

Sponsorship: This analysis was partly funded by a grant from the Department of Health. We are grateful for helpful comments from Professor MJ Wiseman and the anonymous reviewers.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0954-3007 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: undernutrition, weight loss, bmi, illness, poor health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
ePrint ID: 25785
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:14
Contact Email Address: bmm@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/25785

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