The Impact of PMSE and NLC Particles on VLF Propagation.
Nunn, David, Clilverd, Mark, Rodger, Craig and Thomson, Neil (2004) The Impact of PMSE and NLC Particles on VLF Propagation. Annales Geophysicae, 22, 1-12.
PMSE or Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes are a well known phenomenon in the summer northern polar regions, in which anomalous VHF/UHF radar echoes are returned from heights ~85 km. Associated phenomena at these altitudes are noctilucent clouds and electron density biteouts. The latter are electron density depletion layers of up to 90%, which may be several kms thick. Using the NOSC Modefndr code based on Wait's modal theory for subionospheric propagation, we calculate the shifts in received VLF amplitude and phase that occur as a result of electron density biteouts. The code assumes a homogeneous background ionosphere and a homogeneous biteout layer along the Great Circle Path (GCP) corridor, for transmitter receiver path lengths in the range 500-6000 km. For profiles during the 10hrs about midnight and under quiet geomagnetic conditions, where the electron density at 85 km would normally be less than 500 el/cc, it was found that received signal perturbations were significant, of the order of 1-4 dB and 5-40 degrees of phase. Perturbation amplitudes increase roughly as the square root of frequency. At short range perturbations are rather erratic, but more consistent at large ranges, readily interpretable in terms of the shifts in excitation factor, attenuation factor and v/c ratios for Wait's modes. Under these conditions such shifts should be detectable by a well constituted experiment involving multiple paths and multiple frequencies in the north polar region in summer. It is anticipated that VLF propagation could be a valuable diagnostic for biteout/PMSE when electron density at 85 km is under 500 el/cc, under which circumstances PMSE are not directly detectable by VHF/UHF radars.
|Keywords:||Polar mesospheric Summer Echoes;VLF propagation|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Physical and Applied Science > Electronics and Computer Science
|Date Deposited:||27 Mar 2006|
|Last Modified:||18 Aug 2012 04:03|
|Contributors:||Nunn, David (Author)
Clilverd, Mark (Author)
Rodger, Craig (Author)
Thomson, Neil (Author)
|Publisher:||European Geosciences Union|
|Further Information:||Google Scholar|
|ISI Citation Count:||1|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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