The role of the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) in the nuclear localization of BAG-1: implications for colorectal tumour cell survival
Clemo, N.K., Arhel, N.J., Barnes, J.D., Baker, J., Moorghen, M., Packham, G.K., Paraskeva, C. and Williams, A.C. (2005) The role of the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) in the nuclear localization of BAG-1: implications for colorectal tumour cell survival. Biochemical Society Transactions, 33, 676-678.
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Although the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene RB1 is inactivated in a wide variety of human cancers, the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) has been shown to be overexpressed in colon cancers, which is linked to the anti-apoptotic function of the protein. However, the mechanisms by which Rb regulates apoptosis are yet to be fully elucidated. We have established that Rb interacts with the anti-apoptotic BAG-1 (Bcl-2 associated athanogene-1) protein, and that a decrease in nuclear localization of BAG-1 is detectable when the interaction between Rb and BAG-1 is disrupted by expression of the E7 viral oncoprotein. Interestingly, although reported as deregulated in colorectal cancers, we have found that BAG-1 expression is also altered in small adenomas, where its localization was found to be predominantly nuclear. In addition, we have established that maintenance of high nuclear BAG-1 in vitro increases the resistance of adenoma-derived cells to g-radiation-induced apoptosis. Our work suggests a novel function for Rb, involving modulation of the subcellular localization of BAG-1. We have found predominant nuclear BAG-1 localization in small adenomas, and suggest that BAG-1 may promote colorectal tumour cell survival by making colonic epithelial cells less sensitive to DNA damage.
|Keywords:||retinoblastoma protein (rb), bag-1, colorectal, adenoma, apoptosis, radiation|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RB Pathology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Cancer Sciences
|Date Deposited:||21 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 11:26|
|Contact Email Address:||C.Packham@soton.ac.uk|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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