O'Hara, Kieron and Hall, Wendy
Marcia J. Bates; Mary Niles Maack; Miriam Drake (eds), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science Second Edition.
Taylor & Francis.
The Semantic Web is a vision of a web of linked data, allowing querying, integration and sharing of data from distributed sources in heterogeneous formats, using ontologies to provide an associated and explicit semantic interpretation. The article describes the series of layered formalisms and standards that underlie this vision, and chronicles their historical and ongoing development. A number of applications, scientific and otherwise, academic and commercial, are reviewed. The Semantic Web has often been a controversial enterprise, and some of the controversies are reviewed, and misconceptions defused.
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