Radio Frequency (RF) Time-of-Flight Ranging for Wireless Sensor Networks
Thorbjornsen, Bjorn, White, Neil, Brown, Andrew and Reeve, Jeff (2010) Radio Frequency (RF) Time-of-Flight Ranging for Wireless Sensor Networks. Measurement Science and Technology, 21, (3), 1-12.
- Accepted Version
Position information of nodes within Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is often a requirement in order to make use of the data recorded by the sensors themselves. On deployment the nodes normally have no prior knowledge of their position and thus a locationing mechanism is required to determine their positions. In this paper, we describe a method to determine the point-to-point range between sensor nodes as part of the locationing process. A two-way Time-of-Flight (TOF) ranging scheme is presented using narrow-band RF. The frequency difference between the transceivers involved with the point-to-point measurement is used to obtain a sub-clock TOF phase offset measurement in order to achieve high resolution TOF measurements. The ranging algorithm has been developed and prototyped on a TI CC2430 development kit with no additional hardware being required. Performance results have been obtained for the line-of-sight (LOS), non-line-of-sight (NLOS) and indoor condition. Accuracy is typically better than 7.0m RMS for the LOS condition over 250.0m and 15.8m RMS for the NLOS condition over 120.0m using a one-hundred sample average. Indoor accuracy is measured to 1.7m RMS using a 1000 sample average over 8.0m. Ranging error is linear and does not increase with increased transmitter-receiver distance. Our TOA ranging scheme demonstartes a novel system where resolution and accuracy are time dependent in comparison to alternative frequency dependent methods using narrowband RF.
|Divisions:||Faculty of Physical and Applied Science > Electronics and Computer Science > EEE
|Date Deposited:||05 Jan 2010 11:20|
|Last Modified:||24 Jul 2012 03:23|
|Contributors:||Thorbjornsen, Bjorn (Author)
White, Neil (Author)
Brown, Andrew (Author)
Reeve, Jeff (Author)
|Further Information:||Google Scholar|
|ISI Citation Count:||0|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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