Modulation of microvascular function following low-dose exposure to the organophosphorous compound malathion in human skin in vivo


Boutsiouki, Paraskevi and Clough, Geraldine F. (2004) Modulation of microvascular function following low-dose exposure to the organophosphorous compound malathion in human skin in vivo. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97, (3), 1091-1097. (doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00123.2004).

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Description/Abstract

This study investigates whether malathion, a widely used organophosphate insecticide, has its effects on cutaneous vasculature in healthy human volunteers through its anticholinergic activity or through the modulation of other, noncholinergic pathways. Acute, low-dose exposure to malathion (10 mg/ml for 5 h under occlusive dressing) caused a significant increase in cutaneous blood flux, monitored by using laser-Doppler flowmetry and imaging. It had little effect on tissue levels of ACh, nitric oxide, and histamine assayed in dermal dialysate collected from malathion-exposed and control-treated skin. The duration of the cutaneous vascular response to exogenous ACh (2%) delivered by iontophoresis was significantly enhanced by preexposure to malathion, both <1 h after its removal and 24 h later (P < 0.001). At <1 h, the time to 50% decay of the response was 24 ± 4 and 50 ± 8 min in control and malathion-treated skin, respectively.

Malathion also enhanced the size and duration of the axon reflex-mediated vasoresponse to ACh. The increase in blood flux to malathion and the endothelium-mediated response to exogenous ACh, both in the presence and absence of malathion, were attenuated by pretreatment of the skin with atropine and local anesthesia (P < 0.01). We conclude that short-term exposure to a single low dose of malathion causes prolonged modulation of the physiological function of the cutaneous vasculature and that this is, in part, through its action on acetylcholinesterase at both neuronal and nonneuronal sites.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0021-8987 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: endothelial cells, acetylcholine, vasodilatation
Subjects: R Medicine > RL Dermatology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
ePrint ID: 26953
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:15
Contact Email Address: gfc1@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/26953

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