Electrospray ionisation mass spectrometric analysis of lipid restructuring in the carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) during cold acclimation

Brooks, S., Clark, G.T., Wright, S.M., Trueman, R.J., Postle, A.D., Cossins, A.R. and Maclean, N.M. (2002) Electrospray ionisation mass spectrometric analysis of lipid restructuring in the carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) during cold acclimation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 205, (24), 3989-3997.


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Cold acclimation of carp from 30°C to 10°C causes a restructuring of liver microsomal phospholipids characterised by increased proportions of monounsaturated fatty acid in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Here, we have used electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to determine the patterns of alteration to individual molecular species compositions of PC, PE and phosphatidylinositol (PI) in response to gradually decreasing temperature.

The results demonstrate that cold induces precise changes to a limited number of phospholipid species, and that these changes are distinct and different for each phospholipid class. The major change for PC was increased 16:1/22:6, but for PE the species that increased was 18:1/22:6. By contrast, the PI species that increased during cold acclimation were characterised by an sn-1 monounsaturated fatty acid in combination with arachidonoyl or eicosapentaenoyl fatty acid at the sn-2 position. Analysis of acyl distribution indicates that cold only caused the accumulation of monounsaturated fatty acids at the sn-1 and not at the sn-2 position of phospholipids. These results highlight the tight and restricted range of modifications that membranes make to their phospholipid composition in response to thermal stress.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0022-0949 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: cold acclimation, carp, cyprinus carpio, phospholipid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine, monounsaturated fatty acid, esi-ms
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
ePrint ID: 26966
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 11:50
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/26966

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