Autocrine ligands for the epidermal growth factor receptor mediate interleukin-8 release from bronchial epithelial cells in response to cigarette smoke
Richter, Audrey, O'Donnell, Rory A., Powell, Robert M., Sanders, Michael W., Holgate, Stephen T., Djukanovic', Ratko and Davies, Donna E. (2002) Autocrine ligands for the epidermal growth factor receptor mediate interleukin-8 release from bronchial epithelial cells in response to cigarette smoke. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, 27, (1), 85-90.
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Airway neutrophilia is a prominent feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. As cigarette smoke (CS) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) both cause release of interleukin-8 (IL-8) from epithelial cells in vitro, we investigated whether autocrine ligands for the EGF receptor (EGFR) are involved in this proinflammatory response to CS. NCI-H292 or primary bronchial epithelial cells were cultured with or without cigarette smoke extract (CSE) or EGF for 6-48 h. We then tested culture supernatants for lactate dehydrogenase activity to assess cell viability, and for IL-8 and EGFR ligands by ELISA; quantitative RT-PCR was used to measure IL-8 and EGFR ligand mRNA. EGF and low concentrations of CSE both promoted cell survival and caused enhanced transcription and release of IL-8. Similarly, levels of mRNA encoding transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha ), heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor, and amphiregulin (AR) were increased, as was shedding of TGF-alpha and AR protein into the culture medium. With the exception of AR gene transcription, the CS-induced responses were blocked by the EGFR-selective kinase inhibitor AG1478. Furthermore, ~ 45% of CS-induced IL-8 release was inhibited by a neutralising anti-EGFR. Our data indicate that secretion of IL-8 in response to CSE is dependent on EGFR activation and that autocrine production of TGF-alpha makes a substantial contribution to this response.
Q Science > QP Physiology
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
|Date Deposited:||28 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||31 May 2011 23:46|
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