Enhanced upregulation of smooth muscle-related transcripts by TGFβ₂in asthmatic (myo)fibroblasts
Wicks, J., Haitchi, H.M., Holgate, S.T., Davies, D.E. and Powell, R.M. (2006) Enhanced upregulation of smooth muscle-related transcripts by TGFβ₂in asthmatic (myo)fibroblasts. Thorax, 61, (4), 313-319. (doi:10.1136/thx.2005.050005).
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Background: Transforming growth factor beta (TGFß) upregulates a number of smooth muscle specific genes in (myo)fibroblasts. As asthma is characterised by an increase in airway smooth muscle, we postulated that TGFß₂ favours differentiation of asthmatic (myo)fibroblasts towards a smooth muscle phenotype.
Methods: Primary fibroblasts were grown from bronchial biopsy specimens from normal (n = 6) and asthmatic (n = 7) donors and treated with TGFß₂ to induce myofibroblast differentiation. The most stable genes for normalisation were identified using RT-qPCR and the geNorm software applied to a panel of 12 "housekeeping" genes. Expression of α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA), heavy chain myosin (HCM), calponin 1 (CPN 1), desmin, and γ-actin were measured by RT-qPCR. Protein expression was assessed by immunocytochemistry and western blotting.
Results: Phospholipase A2 and ubiquitin C were identified as the most stably expressed and practically useful genes for normalisation of gene expression during myofibroblast differentiation. TGFß₂ induced mRNA expression for all five smooth muscle related transcripts; αSMA, HCM and CPN 1 protein were also increased but desmin protein was not detectable. Although there was no difference in basal expression, HCM, CPN 1 and desmin were induced to a significantly greater extent in asthmatic fibroblasts than in those from normal controls (p = 0.041 and 0.011, respectively).
Conclusions: Although TGFß₂ induced the transcription of several smooth muscle related genes, not all were translated into protein. Thus, while TGFß₂ is unable to induce a bona fide smooth muscle cell phenotype, it may "prime" (myo)fibroblasts for further differentiation, especially if the cells are derived from asthmatic airways.
Abbreviations: CPN 1, calponin 1; DMEM, Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium; FBS, fetal bovine serum; HCM, heavy chain myosin; RT-qPCR, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction; SFM, serum free medium; SMA, smooth muscle actin; TGFß, transforming growth factor ß
|Keywords:||asthma, smooth muscle markers, transforming growth factor ß|
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
|Date Deposited:||27 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 11:46|
|Contributors:||Wicks, J. (Author)
Haitchi, H.M. (Author)
Holgate, S.T. (Author)
Davies, D.E. (Author)
Powell, R.M. (Author)
|Contact Email Address:||email@example.com|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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