Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -14 persists during early resolution of experimental liver fibrosis and might contribute to fibrolysis
Zhou, Xiaoying, Hovell, Christopher J., Pawley, Susannah, Hutchings, Matthew I., Arthur, Michael J., Iredale, John P. and Benyon, R. Christopher (2004) Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -14 persists during early resolution of experimental liver fibrosis and might contribute to fibrolysis. Liver International, 24, (5), 492-501. (doi:10.1111/j.1478-3231.2004.0946.x).
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Abstract: Background/Aims: Resolution of liver fibrosis is possible but the identity of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which degrade the accumulated collagens is uncertain. We examined MMP-2 and MMP-14 expression in established and resolving fibrosis to assess their role in resolution of liver fibrosis.
Methods: MMP and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2 expression in liver extracts was examined by ribonuclease protection assay, Western blotting and gelatin zymography. MMP activity was examined by 14C gelatin degradation.
Results: In human cirrhotic liver, MMP-14 mRNA was increased to 230–330% of normal liver expression. Both 63 kDa proenzyme and 60 kDa activated form were present. Cirrhotic livers had 270–320% of normal liver expression of MMP-2 protein with 20–25% being the 62 Da activated form. Protein and mRNA for MMP-2 and MMP-14 progressively increased during 8 weeks of CCl4 treatment in rats. Between 3 and 7 days of resolution from CCl4 liver fibrosis, MMP-2 and MMP-14 persisted at elevated levels. Gelatinolytic activity in liver homogenates peaked at 7 days of recovery, being 140% above that in livers at peak fibrosis.
Conclusions: Increased expression and activation of MMP-2 and -14 occurs even under conditions of elevated TIMPs during liver fibrogenesis. During liver fibrosis resolution, as TIMP expression decays, the persistence of MMP-2 and MMP-14 may permit collagen degradation.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||doi:10.1111/j.1478-3231.2004.0946.x|
|Additional Information:||Basic study|
|Keywords:||collagenase, hepatic stellate cell, liver fibrosis, matrix metalloproteinase, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RB Pathology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Repair
|Date Deposited:||27 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||06 Aug 2015 02:28|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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