The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 1. Case-control study of 234 recently discharged psychiatric patient suicides


King, Elizabeth A., Baldwin, David S., Sinclair, Julia M.A., Baker, Nigel G., Campbell, Michael J. and Thompson, Chris (2001) The Wessex Recent In-Patient Suicide Study, 1. Case-control study of 234 recently discharged psychiatric patient suicides. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, (6), 531-536. (PMID:11388969).

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Description/Abstract

Background: psychiatric patients have a higher suicide risk following hospital discharge.

Aims: to identify social, clinical and health-care delivery factors in recently discharged patients.

Method: retrospective case—control study of 234 patients who died within 1 year of hospital discharge, matched for age, gender, diagnosis and admission period with 431 controls. Odds ratios for identified risk factors were calculated using conditional multiple logistic regression.

Results: independent increased-risk factors were: not being White; living alone; history of deliberate self-harm (DSH); suicidal ideation precipitating admission; hopelessness; admission under different consultant; onset of relationship difficulties; loss of job; in-patient DSH; unplanned discharge; significant care professional leaving/on leave. Reduced-risk factors were: shared accommodation; delusions at admission; misuse of non-prescribed substances; and continuity of contact.

Conclusions: continuity of contact may reduce suicide risk. Discontinuity of care from a significant professional is associated with increased risk of suicide.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0007-1250 (print)
1472-1465 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Clinical Neurosciences
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Community Clinical Sciences
ePrint ID: 27625
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:16
Contact Email Address: eak@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/27625

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