Tau, β-amyloid and β-amyloid precursor protein distribution in the entorhinal-hippocampal alvear and perforant pathways in the Alzheimer's brain
Shukla, C. and Bridges, L.R. (2001) Tau, β-amyloid and β-amyloid precursor protein distribution in the entorhinal-hippocampal alvear and perforant pathways in the Alzheimer's brain. Neuroscience Letters, 303, (3), 193-197. (doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(01)01719-0).
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It has been suggested that the pathological lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) spread along neuronal connections. This study was designed to examine this hypothesis in the alvear and perforant pathways, two well-defined neuroanatomical pathways that project from the entorhinal cortex to the hippocampus. Paraffin-sections of hippocampal-entorhinal cortex from 25 AD cases were immunolabelled for tau, β-amyloid (Aβ) and β-amyloid precursor protein (βAPP). We used image-analysis to quantify immunolabelling at both ends of the alvear and perforant pathways. At the beginning and the end of the alvear pathway, area of immunolabelling in μm2 per area of field (72000 μm2) were as follows: tau 349 and 821 (P<0.01), Aβ 349 and 61 (P<0.05) and βAPP 18 and 73 (P<0.01). Corresponding values for the perforant pathway were tau 421 and 387, Aβ 382 and 115 (P<0.05) and βAPP 55 and 83. Tau was significantly greater at the end than at the beginning of the alvear pathway, but similar at both ends of the perforant pathway. There was significantly more Aβ at the beginning than at the end of the alvear and perforant pathway. These results at least in part reinforce previous work  that tau-rich areas may be neuronally connected to Aβ-rich areas.
|Keywords:||Alzheimer's disease, β-amyloid, β-amyloid precursor protein, tau, senile plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, neuroanatomy|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry|
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Medicine > Clinical Neurosciences
|Date Deposited:||27 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 13:06|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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