Shukla, C. and Bridges, L.R.
Tau, ?-amyloid and ?-amyloid precursor protein distribution in the entorhinal-hippocampal alvear and perforant pathways in the Alzheimer's brain.
Neuroscience Letters, 303, (3), . (doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(01)01719-0).
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It has been suggested that the pathological lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) spread along neuronal connections. This study was designed to examine this hypothesis in the alvear and perforant pathways, two well-defined neuroanatomical pathways that project from the entorhinal cortex to the hippocampus. Paraffin-sections of hippocampal-entorhinal cortex from 25 AD cases were immunolabelled for tau, ?-amyloid (A?) and ?-amyloid precursor protein (?APP). We used image-analysis to quantify immunolabelling at both ends of the alvear and perforant pathways. At the beginning and the end of the alvear pathway, area of immunolabelling in ?m2 per area of field (72000 ?m2) were as follows: tau 349 and 821 (P<0.01), A? 349 and 61 (P<0.05) and ?APP 18 and 73 (P<0.01). Corresponding values for the perforant pathway were tau 421 and 387, A? 382 and 115 (P<0.05) and ?APP 55 and 83. Tau was significantly greater at the end than at the beginning of the alvear pathway, but similar at both ends of the perforant pathway. There was significantly more A? at the beginning than at the end of the alvear and perforant pathway. These results at least in part reinforce previous work  that tau-rich areas may be neuronally connected to A?-rich areas.
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