On the selection of acoustic/vibration sensors for leak detection in plastic water pipes

Gao, Y., Brennan, M.J., Joseph, P.F., Muggleton, J.M. and Hunaidi, O. (2005) On the selection of acoustic/vibration sensors for leak detection in plastic water pipes. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 283, (3-5), 927-941. (doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2004.05.004).


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Leaks from buried water distribution pipes are commonly located by applying the correlation technique to two measured acoustic/vibration signals on either side of a leak. The effectiveness of the correlation technique for locating leaks in plastic pipes depends on the type of sensors used and their sensitivities. Based on an analytical model of the cross-correlation of pressure responses established in an earlier study, this paper investigates the behaviour of the cross-correlation coefficient for leak signals measured using pressure, velocity and acceleration sensors. Theoretical predictions show that a measure of pressure responses using hydrophones is effective for measurements where there is a small signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but a sharper peak correlation coefficient can be achieved if accelerometers are used. The theoretical work is validated to some extent with test data from actual water pipes on a test site in Canada.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2004.05.004
ISSNs: 0022-460X (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > Institute of Sound and Vibration Research > Dynamics
ePrint ID: 28431
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 11:53
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/28431

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