Do market wages influence child labor and child schooling?

Wahba, Jackline (2000) Do market wages influence child labor and child schooling? Washington, USA, World Bank, 26pp. (Social Protection Discussion Paper Series, 0024).


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This paper provides empirical evidence on the joint determinants of child labor and child schooling
using individual level data from Egypt. The main findings are as follows: (i) A 10% increase in the illiterate
male market wage decreases the probability of child labor by 21.5% for boys and 13.1% for girls. (ii) Higher
local regional income inequality increases the likelihood of child labor. (iii) Parents who were child laborers
themselves are more likely to send their children out to work. (vi) Local labor market conditions- the share of
adults engaged in the public sector or in non-regular jobs- play an important role in influencing child labor
participation. (iv) There is a trade-off between child labor and child schooling. The results suggest that not only
is poverty the main cause of child labor, but that child labor perpetuates poverty as well

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Additional Information: JEL: I20, I30, J13, J20, O15
Related URLs:
Keywords: child labor, schooling, developing countries, wages, poverty
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT Africa
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Economics
ePrint ID: 33059
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 11:59

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