Participation in further education and training: how much do gender and race matter? Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 49pp.
(Discussion Papers in Economics and Econometrics, 0019).
This paper examines the differences in participation rates in further education and training that persist across Britain's ethnic groups, and between males and females within a given group. A statistical model of choice of post-16 activity is estimated using data on a large sample of 16 year-olds in England and Wales. The analysis shows that a significant part of the gender gap in participation rates in further education is attributable to compositional differences, in particular differences in the distribution of academic attainment levels. However, differences in participation rates between the White majority group and the ethnic minority groups in Great Britain are primarily a result of differences in the behaviour of otherwise identical individuals.
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