The eolitical economy of declining industries: senescent industry collapse revisited

Brainard, S. Lael and Verdier, Thierry (1997) The eolitical economy of declining industries: senescent industry collapse revisited. Journal of International Economics, 42, (1-2), 221-237. (doi:10.1016/S0022-1996(96)01432-8).


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Many observers have noted a strong tendency for protection, once it is instituted, to persist over time. This paper first shows that persistent protection arises whenever lobbying is an alternative to costly adjustment. With endogenous protection, the level of tariffs is an increasing function of past tariffs: the more an industry lobbies, the greater the current protection it receives and the less it adjusts, and the less the industry adjusts the more effective it is as a lobby in the future. When the costs of lobbying and adjustment are fully variable, declining industries contract more slowly over time and never fully adjust. However, the paper shows that adding a fixed cost of lobby formation or maintenance is sufficient to generate an endogenous collapse of protection, such as that predicted by Cassing and Hillman (1986, American Economic Review 76, 516–523), in which an industry abruptly terminates its lobbying and loses its protection. Finally, the paper examines the well-documented bias against growing industries in the lobbying process.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/S0022-1996(96)01432-8
ISSNs: 0022-1996 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: lobbying, adjustment, trade policy
Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Economics
ePrint ID: 33463
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
February 1997Published
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2007
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 11:59

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