Changes in rat n-3 and n-6 fatty acid composition during pregnancy are associated with progesterone concentrations and hepatic FADS2 expression


Childs, C.E., Hoile, S.P., Burdge, G.C. and Calder, P.C. (2012) Changes in rat n-3 and n-6 fatty acid composition during pregnancy are associated with progesterone concentrations and hepatic FADS2 expression. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 86, (4-5), 141-147. (doi:10.1016/j.plefa.2012.03.007). (PMID:22495065).

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Description/Abstract

The mechanisms responsible for changes to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC PUFA) status during pregnancy have not been fully elucidated. Tissue samples were collected from virgin and pregnant (day 12 and 20) female rats. LC PUFA status, sex hormone concentrations and hepatic mRNA expression of FADS1, FADS2 and elongase were assessed. Day 20 gestation females had higher plasma and liver docosahexaenoic acid and lower arachidonic acid content than virgin females (P<0.05). There was higher FADS2 mRNA expression during pregnancy (P=0.051). Progesterone and oestradiol concentrations positively correlated with hepatic FADS2 mRNA expression (P=0.043, P=0.004). Progesterone concentration positively correlated with hepatic n-6 docosapentaenoic acid content (P=0.006), and inversely correlated with intermediates in LC PUFA synthesis including n-3 docosapentaenoic acid, γ-linolenic acid and 20:2n-6 (P<0.05). Changes in progesterone and oestradiol during pregnancy may promote the synthesis of LC PUFA via increased FADS2 expression.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0952-3278 (print)
1532-2823 (electronic)
Keywords: pregnancy, fatty acid, sex hormones, desaturase
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Human Development and Health
ePrint ID: 337213
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2012 09:31
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:20
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/337213

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