Investigation of noninertial cavitation produced by an ultrasonic horn

Birkin, Peter R., Offin, Douglas G., Vian, Christopher J.B., Leighton, T.G. and Maksimov, Alexey O. (2011) Investigation of noninertial cavitation produced by an ultrasonic horn. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130, (5), 3297-3308. (doi:10.1121/1.3650537).


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This paper reports on noninertial cavitation that occurs beyond the zone close to the horn tip to which the inertial cavitation is confined. The noninertial cavitation is characterized by collating the data from a range of measurements of bubbles trapped on a solid surface in this noninertial zone. Specifically, the electrochemical measurement of mass transfer to an electrode is compared with high-speed video of the bubble oscillation. This gas bubble is shown to be a “noninertial” event by electrochemical surface erosion measurements and “ring-down” experiments showing the activity and motion of the bubble as the sound excitation was terminated. These measurements enable characterization of the complex environment produced below an operating ultrasonic horn outside of the region where inertial collapse can be detected. The extent to which solid boundaries in the liquid cause the frequencies and shapes of oscillatory modes on the bubble wall to differ from their free field values is discussed.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0001-4966 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and the Environment > Institute of Sound and Vibration Research > Acoustics Group
Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Chemistry > Electrochemistry & Surface Science Group
ePrint ID: 337484
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2012 16:26
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2014 15:25
A high-speed imaging system for Acoustoelectrochemistry
Funded by: EPSRC (EP/D05849X/1)
Led by: Peter Robert Birkin
1 June 2006 to 31 May 2010

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