Fertility postponement is largely due to rising educational enrolment
Ní Bhrolcháin, Máire and Beaujouan, Éva (2012) Fertility postponement is largely due to rising educational enrolment. Population Studies, 66, (3), 311-327. (doi:10.1080/00324728.2012.697569).
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The rise in educational enrolment is often cited as a possible cause of the trend to later childbearing in developed societies but direct evidence of its contribution to the aggregate change in fertility tempo is scarce. We show that rising enrolment, resulting in later ages at the end of education, accounts for a substantial part of the upward shift in the mean age at first birth in the 1980s and 1990s in Britain and in France. The postponement of first birth over that period has two components: a longer average period of enrolment and a post-enrolment component that is also related to educational level. The relationship between rising educational participation and the move to later fertility timing is almost certainly causal. Our findings therefore suggest that fertility tempo change is rooted in macro-economic and structural forces rather than in the cultural domain.
|Keywords:||fertility tempo, fertility postponement, delayed childbearing, aggregate change, educational expansion, educational enrolment, compulsory school-leaving age, post-compulsory education, fertility trends|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
L Education > L Education (General)
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Social Sciences > Social Statistics & Demography
|Date Deposited:||21 May 2012 10:22|
|Last Modified:||28 Feb 2014 16:54|
Centre for Population Change: Understanding Population Change in the 21st Century
Funded by: ESRC (ES/G027153/1 - £5,388,180)
Led by: Jane Cecelia Falkingham
1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013
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