Equality of opportunity and differences in social circumstances
Mason, Andrew (2004) Equality of opportunity and differences in social circumstances. The Philosophical Quarterly, 54, (216), 368-388. (doi:10.1111/j.0031-8094.2004.00358.x).
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It is often supposed that the point of equality of opportunity is to create a level playing-field. This is understood in different ways, however. A common proposal is what I call the neutralization view: that people's social circumstances should not differentially affect their life chances in any serious way. I raise problems with this view, before developing an alternative conception of equal opportunity which allows some variations in social circumstances to create differences in life prospects. The meritocratic conception which I defend is grounded in the idea of respect for persons, and provides a less demanding interpretation of fair access to qualifications; it nevertheless places constraints on the behaviour of parents, and has implications for educational provision in schools.
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Politics and International Relations
|Date Deposited:||16 May 2006|
|Last Modified:||06 Aug 2015 02:31|
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