Germline melanocortin-1-receptor genotype is associated with severity of cutaneous phenotype in congenital melanocytic nevi: a role for MC1R in human fetal development
Kinsler, Veronica A., Abu-Amero, Sayeda, Budd, Peter, Jackson, Ian J., Ring, Susan M., Northstone, Kate, Atherton, David J., Bulstrode, Neil W., Stanier, Philip, Hennekam, Raoul C., Sebire, Neil J., Moore, Gudrun E. and Healy, Eugene (2012) Germline melanocortin-1-receptor genotype is associated with severity of cutaneous phenotype in congenital melanocytic nevi: a role for MC1R in human fetal development. Journal of Investigative Dermatology (doi:10.1038/jid.2012.95). (PMID:22572819).
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Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) are pigmented birthmarks that affect up to 80% of the skin surface area. The increased frequency of CMN in families of severely affected individuals is suggestive of a predisposing germline genotype. We noted a high prevalence of red hair in affected families, and considered a role for MC1R in this condition. A cohort of 166 CMN subjects underwent pigmentary phenotyping, with MC1R genotyping in 113. Results were compared with a local control group of 60 unrelated children and with 300 UK children without CMN. CMN subjects had higher prevalences of red hair and a red-haired parent than local controls and had a higher rate of compound heterozygosity and homozygosity for MC1R variants. The presence of a V92M or R allele (D84E, R151C, R160W, D294H) was associated with increasing size of the CMN, implying a growth-promoting effect of these alleles. Unexpectedly, the V92M and R151C alleles were also strongly associated with birth weight in the CMN cohort, a finding confirmed in the control group. The effect of germline MC1R genotype on development and severity of CMN led us to investigate potential broader effects on growth, revealing a role for MC1R in normal fetal development.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 10 May 2012; doi:10.1038/jid.2012.95.
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RL Dermatology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Infection, Inflammation and Immunity
|Date Deposited:||25 Jun 2012 13:40|
|Last Modified:||03 Jul 2012 14:15|
|Contributors:||Kinsler, Veronica A. (Author)
Abu-Amero, Sayeda (Author)
Budd, Peter (Author)
Jackson, Ian J. (Author)
Ring, Susan M. (Author)
Northstone, Kate (Author)
Atherton, David J. (Author)
Bulstrode, Neil W. (Author)
Stanier, Philip (Author)
Hennekam, Raoul C. (Author)
Sebire, Neil J. (Author)
Moore, Gudrun E. (Author)
Healy, Eugene (Author)
|Date:||10 May 2012|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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