Gender and old-age pension protection in Asia

Vlachantoni, Athina and Falkingham, Jane (2012) Gender and old-age pension protection in Asia. In, Social Protection for Older Persons: Social Pensions in Asia. Mandaluyong, PH, Asian Development Bank, 120-136.


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The gender implications of the design and implementation of old age pension protection systems arise because few systems take women’s increasingly diverse life courses into account. This paper looks at demographic and socio-economic patterns in Asia—and their changes—such as population aging, inter-generational support and living arrangements, and women’s participation in the informal labor market. It discusses the strengths and weaknesses of contributory and non-contributory systems. It concludes that, although social pensions can contribute significantly to lifting many women in low-income countries out of poverty, protection systems need to consider much more the diversity in women’s life courses and working lives

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions : Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Social Sciences
ePrint ID: 340902
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
4 July 2012Published
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2012 09:01
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 14:31
Centre for Population Change: Understanding Population Change in the 21st Century
Funded by: ESRC National Centre for Research Methods (RES-625-28-0001)
Led by: Jane Cecelia Falkingham
1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013

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