The effectiveness of implementing a care pathway for femoral neck fracture in older people: a prospective controlled before and after study


Roberts, Helen C., Pickering, Ruth M., Onslow, Elizabeth, Clancy, Mike, Powell, Jackie, Roberts, Alison, Hughes, Kerry, Coulson, Diane and Bray, Jane (2004) The effectiveness of implementing a care pathway for femoral neck fracture in older people: a prospective controlled before and after study. Age and Ageing, 33, (2), 178-184. (doi:10.1093/ageing/afh063). (PMID:14960435).

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Description/Abstract

Objectives: to investigate whether a care pathway for older hip fracture patients can reduce length of stay while maintaining
the quality of clinical care.
Design: prospective study of patients admitted 12 months before and after implementation of a care pathway for the management of
femoral neck fracture. Audit data for corresponding time periods from nearby orthopaedic units was used to control for secular trends.
Setting: teaching hospital.
Subjects: patients aged 65 years and over with a femoral neck fracture. Exclusion criteria: multiple fractures, fractures due to
malignancy, re-fracture, total hip replacement, previously entered into the study, operation performed elsewhere. Three-hundred
and ninety-Wve (99%) and 369 (97%) case records were available for full analysis.
Main outcome measures: primary outcome: length of stay on the orthopaedic unit. Secondary outcomes: ambulation at
discharge, discharge destination, in-hospital complications, 30 day mortality, readmission within 30 days of discharge, postoperative
days the patient Wrst sat out of bed and walked.
Results: mean length of stay increased by 6.5 days (95% conWdence interval 3.5–9.5 days, P<0.0005) in the second period
with a signiWcant improvement in ambulation on discharge (odds ratio 1.6, 95% conWdence interval 1.0–2.6, P=0.033) and
a trend towards reduction in admission to long term care (odds ratio 0.6, 95% conWdence interval 0.3–1.0, P=0.058).
Conclusions: this care pathway was associated with longer hospital stay and improved clinical outcomes. Care pathways for
hip fracture patients can be a useful tool for raising care standards but may require additional resources.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0002-0729 (print)
1468-2834 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Keywords: elderly, hip fracture, care pathway, effectiveness
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Health Sciences
ePrint ID: 341831
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2012 11:55
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:24
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/341831

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