Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

Sheppard, Zoe, Madise, Nyovani and Hennink, Monique (2001) Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda. Southampton, UK, Southampton University (Opportunities and Choices).


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Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this
study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which
have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just
started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic
regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions
of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. In
addition, strong power relationships exist as women felt at risk of HIV infection because of
their partner’s sexual behaviour, whereas the men’s risk perception was related to their own
behaviour. This illustrates the subordinate position of women within sexual relationships as
well as the need to empower women to enable them to negotiate safe-sex strategies.
Individual, knowledge exposure and sexual exposure factors were highly associated with
perception of risk in Uganda whereas individual background characteristics were more
influential in Ghana. As the HIV epidemic develops in Ghana, similar associations and
gender differentials may become apparent as in Uganda.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Related URLs:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Social Statistics
ePrint ID: 34259
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
2001Made publicly available
Date Deposited: 18 May 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:01

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