Rattanasiri, Pareecha, Wilson, P.A. and Phillips, A.B.
Numerical investigation of the drag of twin prolate spheroid hulls in various longitudinal and transverse configurations.
In, AUV2012, Kuala Lumpur, MY,
04 - 05 Dec 2012.
The purpose of this paper is to provide guidance for operators on suitable spacings for multiple vehicle missions. This paper then investigates the combined
drag of a pair of towed prolate spheroids for the length-
Reynolds Number of 3.2×106. The model has a length diameter
ratio of 6:1. A series of configuration of a pair
of spheroids is simulated by varying both longitudinal
and transverse spacing. Three-dimensional simulations
are performed using a commercial Reynolds Averaged
Navier Stokes (RANS) Computational Fluid Dynamics
code ANSYS CFX 12.1 with the SST turbulence closure
model. In each case, the fluid domain has a mesh size of
approximately nine million cells including inflated prism
layers to capture the boundary layer. Mesh convergence
is tested and then validated with wind tunnel test results.
The drag of each spheroid is compared against the
benchmark drag of a single hull. The results show that the transverse separations and longitudinal offsets determine the interaction drag between both hulls. Increasing of spacing results in lower the interference drag. Five zones have been suggested based on the characteristics of the combined drag and individual drags. These are Parallel Region, Echelon Region, Low Interaction Region, Push Region and Drafting
Region. Based on the results, operators can determine the
optimal configurations based on energy considerations.
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