Ancient DNA, strontium isotopes and osteological analyses shed light on social and kinship organization of the later stone age


Haak, W., Brandt, G., de Jong, H., Meyer, C., Ganslmeier, R., Heyd, V., Hawkesworth, C., Pike, A.W.G., Meller, H. and Alt, K. (2008) Ancient DNA, strontium isotopes and osteological analyses shed light on social and kinship organization of the later stone age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105, (47), 18226-18231. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0807592105).

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Description/Abstract

In 2005 four outstanding multiple burials were discovered near Eulau, Germany. The 4,600-year-old graves contained groups of adults and children buried facing each other. Skeletal and artifactual evidence and the simultaneous interment of the individuals suggest the supposed families fell victim to a violent event. In a multidisciplinary approach, archaeological, anthropological, geochemical (radiogenic isotopes), and molecular genetic (ancient DNA) methods were applied to these unique burials. Using autosomal, mitochondrial, and Y-chromosomal markers, we identified genetic kinship among the individuals. A direct child-parent relationship was detected in one burial, providing the oldest molecular genetic evidence of a nuclear family. Strontium isotope analyses point to different origins for males and children versus females. By this approach, we gain insight into a Late Stone Age society, which appears to have been exogamous and patrilocal, and in which genetic kinship seems to be a focal point of social organization.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0027-8424 (print)
1091-6490 (electronic)
Keywords: burial rites, neolithic, violence, corded ware culture, exogamy
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Faculty of Humanities > Archaeology
ePrint ID: 343243
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2012 13:56
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:25
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/343243

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