Late neanderthals in southeastern Iberia: Sima de las Palomas del Cabexo Gordo, Murcia, Spain

Walker, Michael J., Gilbert, Josep, Lopez, Mariano V., Perez-Perez, A. Vincent, Zapata, Josefina, Ortega, Jon, Higham, Thomas, Pike, Alistair, Schwenninger, Jean-Luc, Zilhao, joao and Trinkaus, Erik (2008) Late neanderthals in southeastern Iberia: Sima de las Palomas del Cabexo Gordo, Murcia, Spain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , 105, (52), 20631-20636. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0811213106).


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Middle Paleolithic fossil human remains from the Sima de las Palomas in southeastern Iberia (dated to ?43,000–40,000 calendar years before present) present a suite of derived Neandertal and/or retained ancestral morphological features in the mandibular symphysis, mandibular ramus, dental occlusal morphology, and distal hand phalanx. These traits are combined with variation in the mandibular corpus, discrete dental morphology, tooth root lengths, and anterior dental size that indicate a frequency difference with earlier Iberian and more northern European Neandertals. The Palomas Neandertals therefore confirm the late presence of Neandertals associated with the Iberian persistence of the Middle Paleolithic, but suggest microevolutionary processes and/or population contact with contemporaneous modern humans to the north

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1073/pnas.0811213106
ISSNs: 0027-8424 (print)
1091-6490 (electronic)
Keywords: dentition, mandible, middle paleolithic, postcrania
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions : Faculty of Humanities > Archaeology
ePrint ID: 343326
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
30 December 2008Published
12 December 2008Made publicly available
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 11:39
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 14:34

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