Can mobile phone data improve emergency response to natural disasters?
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Disaster management requires accurate information and must link data collection and analysis to an immediate decision-making process. Existing approaches to assessing population movements in the immediate aftermath of disasters, such as transport surveys and manual registration of individuals at emergency-relief hubs, are often inadequate: while important for record-keeping purposes, both are slow and may exclude those groups who are unreachable and most vulnerable. Proxy analysis via aerial or even satellite reconnaissance has a potentially useful role, but can provide only a coarse geographical picture of moving populations. In practice, the most readily available sources of information are from eye-witness or media reports. Although timely, such reports are not accumulated systematically and can constitute a biased representation of events.
|Keywords:||cellular phone utilization, demography, disasters, earthquakes, emergency medical service communication systems, haiti, humans|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Geography and Environment
|Date Deposited:||25 Oct 2012 09:12|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 20:26|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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