Which method predicts recidivism best? A comparison of statistical, machine learning and data mining predictive models


Tollenaar, N. and van der Heijden, P.G.M. (2012) Which method predicts recidivism best? A comparison of statistical, machine learning and data mining predictive models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) (doi:10.1111/j.1467-985X.2012.01056.x). (In Press).

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Description/Abstract

Using criminal population conviction histories of recent offenders, prediction mod els are developed that predict three types of criminal recidivism: general recidivism, violent recidivism and sexual recidivism. The research question is whether prediction techniques from modern statistics, data mining and machine learning provide an improvement in predictive performance over classical statistical methods, namely logistic regression and linear discrim inant analysis. These models are compared on a large selection of performance measures. Results indicate that classical methods do equally well as or better than their modern counterparts. The predictive performance of the various techniques differs only slightly for general and violent recidivism, whereas differences are larger for sexual recidivism. For the general and violent recidivism data we present the results of logistic regression and for sexual recidivism of linear discriminant analysis

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1467-9876
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Social Sciences > Sociology & Social Policy
ePrint ID: 344632
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2012 14:51
Last Modified: 14 May 2014 12:10
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/344632

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