The evolution of driver route switching behavior in stochastically perturbed networks


Snowdon, James, Waterson, Ben and Fangohr, Hans (2012) The evolution of driver route switching behavior in stochastically perturbed networks. In, 4th International Symposium on Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA2012), Martha's Vinyard, US, 04 - 06 Jun 2012. 19pp.

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Description/Abstract

Traffic assignment, the process of ‘assigning’ expected vehicle origin-destination flows to discrete routes traversing a road network, has traditionally been approached as an optimization problem yielding one fixed set of ‘equilibrium’ road link flows. This approach has been criticized for oversimplifying both traveler behavior representation and the effects of stochastic variations in network conditions. Here the connection is explored between day-to-day driver learning models and correlated perturbations occurring spatially around the network on simulated ‘days’. As elsewhere in the literature, a perturbation is defined as any incident which increases travel time along the perturbed stretch of road for the same level of demand. Equipped with a plausible correlation learning mechanism, drivers are modeled inferring downstream road conditions without the need for signage provision such that strategic en-route path switching can occur with the goal of potentially avoiding delays. It is found that when drivers can undertake strategic behavior the negative impact of perturbations is lessened due to some drivers diverting upstream to avoid them, meaning that potentially delayed routes are seen as relatively more attractive when compared against the outcome when no driver is modeled as being able to switch as is captured by existing assignment techniques. Thus even on days where no perturbations occur, initial driver route choices differ when compared against traditional algorithmic assignment results.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Related URLs:
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and the Environment > Civil, Maritime and Environmental Engineering and Science > Transportation Research Group
ePrint ID: 344693
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2012 16:39
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:26
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/344693

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