Modes of address in pictorial art: an eye movement study of Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère

Harland, Beth, Gillett, John, Mann, Carl M., Kass, Jason, Godwin, Hayward J., Liversedge, Simon P. and Donnelly, Nick (2014) Modes of address in pictorial art: an eye movement study of Manet’s Bar at the Folies-Bergère. Leonardo, 47, (3), 241-247. (doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00676).

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Art historical accounts of the last two hundred years identify developments in the types, or ‘modes’, of address that a picture can present to a viewer, as critical to the experience and evaluation of paintings. Here we focus on ‘anti-theatrical’ theories of pictorial address, and the complex and innovative ‘double relation’ of absorption and acknowledgment introduced by the painter Edouard Manet. We report a case study of Manet’s A Bar at the Folies-Bergère investigating expert and novice spectators’ eye movements and utterances in response to the painting to find evidence that viewers seek resolution of the complex ‘double relation’ that the theories describe.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1162/LEON_a_00676
Additional Information: This paper presents findings of collaborative cross-disciplinary research involving Winchester School of Art, the Centre for Visual Cognition Department of Psychology and the Courtauld Gallery, London.
ISSNs: 0024-094X (print)
1530-9282 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
N Fine Arts > ND Painting
Divisions : Faculty of Business and Law
ePrint ID: 344707
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
June 2014Published
19 May 2014Made publicly available
9 August 2012Submitted
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2012 14:05
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 14:36

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