Changing currents: a strategy for understanding and predicting the changing ocean circulation


Bryden, Harry L., Robinson, Carol and Griffiths, Gwyn (2012) Changing currents: a strategy for understanding and predicting the changing ocean circulation. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 370, (1980), 5461-5479. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0397).

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Description/Abstract

Within the context of UK marine science, we project a strategy for ocean circulation research over the next 20 years. We recommend a focus on three types of research: (i) sustained observations of the varying and evolving ocean circulation, (ii) careful analysis and interpretation of the observed climate changes for comparison with climate model projections, and (iii) the design and execution of focused field experiments to understand ocean processes that are not resolved in coupled climate models so as to be able to embed these processes realistically in the models. Within UK-sustained observations, we emphasize smart, cost-effective design of the observational network to extract maximum information from limited field resources. We encourage the incorporation of new sensors and new energy sources within the operational environment of UK-sustained observational programmes to bridge the gap that normally separates laboratory prototype from operational instrument. For interpreting the climate-change records obtained through a variety of national and international sustained observational programmes, creative and dedicated UK scientists should lead efforts to extract the meaningful signals and patterns of climate change and to interpret them so as to project future changes. For the process studies, individual scientists will need to work together in team environments to combine observational and process modelling results into effective improvements in the coupled climate models that will lead to more accurate climate predictions.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1364-503X (print)
1471-2962 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Keywords: strategic marine research, sustained observations, patterns of climate change, ocean processes
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and the Environment > Engineering Sciences
Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences > Ocean and Earth Science > Physical Oceanography
National Oceanography Centre (NERC) > Ocean Technology and Engineering
ePrint ID: 345260
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2012 13:30
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:27
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/345260

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