Oscillatory neuronal dynamics associated with manual acupuncture: a magnetoencephalography study using beamforming analysis


Asghar, Aziz U. R., Johnson, Robyn L., Woods, William, Green, Gary G. R., Lewith, George and Macpherson, Hugh (2012) Oscillatory neuronal dynamics associated with manual acupuncture: a magnetoencephalography study using beamforming analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, (303) (doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00303).

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Description/Abstract

Magnetoencephalography(MEG) enables non-invasive recording of neuronal activity, with reconstruction methods providing estimates of underlying brain source locations and oscillatory dynamics from externally recorded neuromagetic fields. The aim of our study was to use MEG to determine the effect of manual acupuncture on neuronal oscillatory dynamics. A major problem in MEG investigations of manual acupuncture is the absence of onset times for each needle manipulation. Given that beam forming (spatialfiltering) analysisis not dependent upon stimulus-driven responses being phase locked to stimulus onset, we postulated that beamforming could reveal source locations and induced changes in neuronal activity during manual acupuncture. In a beamformer analysis, a two-minute period of manual acupuncture needle manipulation delivered to the ipsilateral right LI-4(Hegu) acupoint was contrasted with a two-minute baseline period. We considered oscillatory power changes in the theta(4–8Hz), alpha(8–13Hz), beta(13–30Hz), and gamma(30–100Hz) frequency bands. We found significant decreases in beta band power in the contralateral primary somatosensory cortexand superior frontal gyrus(SFG).In the ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere, we found significant power decreases in beta and gamma frequency bands in only the SFG. No significant power modulations were found in theta and alpha bands. Our results indicate that beam forming is a useful analytical tool to reconstruct underlying neuronal activity associated with manual acupuncture. Our main finding was of beta power decreases in primary somatosensory cortex and SFG, which opens up a line of future investigation regarding whether this contributes toward an underlying mechanism of acupuncture.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1662-5161 (print)
1662-5161 (electronic)
Related URLs:
Keywords: acupuncture, magnetoencephalography, beamforming, oscillations, somatosensory cortex
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Primary Care and Population Sciences
ePrint ID: 345309
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2012 14:44
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 20:27
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/345309

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