Heterogeneous adjustment of employment and capital after factor market deregulation


Eslava, Marcela, Haltiwanger, John, Kugler, Adriana and Kugler, Maurice (2005) Heterogeneous adjustment of employment and capital after factor market deregulation. , Mimeo

Download

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (438Kb)

Description/Abstract

In this paper, we analyze employment and capital adjustments using a panel of plants from Colombia. We allow for nonlinear adjustment of employment to reflect not only adjustment costs of labor but also adjustment costs of capital, and vice-versa. Using data from the Annual Manufacturing Survey, which include plant-level prices, we generate measures of plant-level productivity, demand shocks, and cost shocks, and use them to measure desired factor levels. We then estimate adjustment functions for capital and labor as a function of
the gap between desired and actual factor levels. As in other countries, we find non-linear adjustments in employment and capital in response to market fundamentals. In addition, we find that employment and capital adjustments reinforce each other, in that capital shortages reduce hiring and labor shortages reduce investment. Moreover, we find that the market oriented reforms introduced in Colombia after 1990 increased employment adjustments, especially on the job destruction margin, while reducing capital adjustments. Finally, we find that while completely eliminating frictions from factor adjustments would yield a dramatic increase in aggregate productivity through improved allocative efficiency, the reforms introduced in Colombia generated only modest improvements.

Item Type: Monograph (UNSPECIFIED)
Keywords: joint factor adjustment, irreversibilities, adjustment costs, input reallocation, deregulation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Economics
ePrint ID: 34581
Date Deposited: 16 May 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:21
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/34581

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics