Disentangling women’s responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis


Padmadas, Sabu S., Dias, José G. and Willekens, Frans J. (2006) Disentangling women’s responses on complex dietary intake patterns from an Indian cross-sectional survey: a latent class analysis. Public Health Nutrition, 9, (2), 204-211. (doi:10.1079/PHN2005842).

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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PHN2005842

Description/Abstract

Objective: To investigate the degree of individual heterogeneity related to complex dietary behaviour and to further examine the associations of different dietary compositions with selected characteristics.

Design: Latent class analysis was applied to data from the recent cross-sectional National Family Health Survey that collected information on the intake frequency of selected foods. Different responses regarding intake frequency were condensed into a set of five meaningful latent clusters representing different dietary patterns and these clusters were then labelled based on the reported degree of diet mixing.

Setting: Indian states.

Subjects: In total, 90?180 women aged 15–49 years.

Results: Three clusters were predominantly non-vegetarian and two were vegetarian. A very high or high mixed-diet pattern was observed particularly in the southern and a few north-eastern states. Many women in the very high mixed-diet cluster consumed mostly non-green/leafy vegetables on a daily basis, and fruits and other non-vegetarian diet on a weekly basis. In contrast, those in the low mixed-diet cluster consumed more than three-fifths of the major vegetarian diet ingredients alone on a daily basis. The affluent group that represented the low mixed-diet cluster were primarily vegetarians and those who represented the very high mixed-diet cluster were mostly non-vegetarians. The significant interrelationships of different characteristics highlight not only socio-economic, spatial and cultural disparities related to dietary practices, but also the substantial heterogeneity in diet mixing behaviour.

Conclusions: The results of this study confirmed our hypothesis of heterogeneous dietary behaviour of Indian women and yielded useful policy-oriented results which might be difficult to establish otherwise.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 1368-9800 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Social Statistics
ePrint ID: 34600
Date Deposited: 15 May 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:21
Contact Email Address: S.Padmadas@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/34600

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