London’s voluntary hospitals in the interwar period: growth, transformation or crisis?

Gorsky, Martin and Mohan, John (2001) London’s voluntary hospitals in the interwar period: growth, transformation or crisis? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 30, (2), 247-275.


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The establishment of the British National Health Service in 1948 was a watershed for the nonprofit sector, as the voluntary hospitals were taken into public ownership. This article surveys the voluntary hospitals of London in the last two peacetime decades of their existence. Although this was a period of significant expansion for the hospitals, there were also difficulties looming. City-wide data and records of individual institutions are used to explore the risk of deficit, the hospitals' asset base, the demand for expenditure, and the changing basis of income. The analysis confirms and augments earlier discussion of gathering financial hardship. Finally, the growth of the municipal hospital service is detailed. The London County Council's enthusiastic development of publicly funded institutions added to the problems of the voluntary sector. Public/nonprofit partnership remained underdeveloped, voluntary fundraising was undermined, and principled opposition was articulated by council members.

Item Type: Article
Related URLs:
Keywords: london, voluntary hospitals, philanthropy, welfare state, municipal socialism, socialized medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Sociology and Social Policy
ePrint ID: 34886
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 18 May 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:02

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