Contextual influences on modern contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa

Stephenson, R., Clements, S., Baschieri, A., Hennink, M. and Nyovani, M. (2007) Contextual influences on modern contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa. American Journal of Public Health (doi:10.2105/AJPH.2005.071522).


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Objectives. We examined the role of community-level factors in explaining geographic variations in modern contraceptive use in 6 African countries.

Methods. We analyzed Demographic and Health Survey and contextual data sources with multilevel modeling techniques to identify factors contributing to geographic variations in women’s use of modern contraceptives.

Results. We found significant associations between several community-level factors and reported use of modern contraceptive methods. We also identified several pathways of influence between the community and the individual.

Conclusions. Aspects of a community’s sociocultural and economic environment appear to influence a woman’s use of modern contraceptive methods.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.2105/AJPH.2005.071522
ISSNs: 0090-0036 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: contraception, community health, global health, social science
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Social Sciences > Social Statistics
ePrint ID: 35143
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
May 2007Published
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:02
Explaining areal variations in reproductive health in east & west africa
Funded by: ESRC National Centre for Research Methods (R000239664)
1 April 2002 to 31 May 2004

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