Abiotic forcing of plankton evolution in the Cenozoic
Schmidt, D.N., Thierstein, H.R., Bollmann, J. and Schiebel, R. (2004) Abiotic forcing of plankton evolution in the Cenozoic. Science, 303, (5655), 207-210. (doi:10.1126/science.1090592).
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We characterize the evolutionary radiation of planktic foraminifera by the test size distributions of entire assemblages in more than 500 Cenozoic marine sediment samples, including more than 1 million tests. Calibration of Holocene size patterns with environmental parameters and comparisons with Cenozoic paleoproxy data show a consistently positive correlation between test size and surface-water stratification intensity. We infer that the observed macroevolutionary increase in test size of planktic foraminifera through the Cenozoic was an adaptive response to intensifying surface-water stratification in low latitudes, which was driven by polar cooling.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||doi:10.1126/science.1090592|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
|Date Deposited:||22 May 2006|
|Last Modified:||31 Mar 2016 12:03|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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