Using discrete-event simulation to select affordable intervention programs for vertical HIV transmission in developing countries
Rauner, Marion S., Brailsford, Sally C. and Flessa, Steffen (2003) Using discrete-event simulation to select affordable intervention programs for vertical HIV transmission in developing countries. In, Anderson, J. (ed.) Health Sciences Simulation 2003. 2003 Western MultiConference San Diego, USA, Society for Modeling and Computer Simulation, 59-64.
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With 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS worlwide, this pandemic has had devastating impacts on the social, economic, and demographic structure of many developing countries. Over 70% of the world's HIV-infected live in Africa. Thus, implementing cost-effective prevention programs, such as short-course anti-retroviral treatment for pregnant mothers and their offspring, are critical issues for healthcare providers in these countries.
We have developed the first published discrete event simulation model to support policy makers in this area. In this paper, we analyze screening programs and Nevirapine treatment (assumed to be effective up to three months after delivery). These prices might not be affordable for developing countries, but if sponsor organizations covered the educational costs, the programs could be achievable and would even save money.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Keywords:||vertical hiv-aids transmission, discrete event simulation, cost-effectiveness analysis, epidemic policy model, decision-support system|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Management
|Date Deposited:||01 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2012 13:29|
|Publisher:||Society for Modeling and Computer Simulation|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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