Letter to Nature. Low-light-adapted Prochlorococcus species possess specific antennae for each photosystem

Bibby, T.S., Mary, I., Nield, J., Partensky, F. and Barber, J. (2003) Letter to Nature. Low-light-adapted Prochlorococcus species possess specific antennae for each photosystem. Nature, 424, (6952), 1051-1054. (doi:10.1038/nature01933).


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Original Publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01933


Prochlorococcus, the most abundant genus of photosynthetic organisms, owes its remarkably large depth distribution in the oceans to the occurrence of distinct genotypes adapted to either low- or high-light niches. The pcb genes, encoding the major chlorophyll-binding, light-harvesting antenna proteins in this genus, are present in multiple copies in low-light strains but as a single copy in high-light strains. The basis of this differentiation, however, has remained obscure. Here we show that the moderate low-light-adapted strain Prochlorococcus sp. MIT 9313 has one iron-stress-induced pcb gene encoding an antenna protein serving photosystem I (PSI)—comparable to isiA genes from cyanobacteria—and a constitutively expressed pcb gene encoding a photosystem II (PSII) antenna protein. By comparison, the very low-light-adapted strain SS120 has seven pcb genes encoding constitutive PSI and PSII antennae, plus one PSI iron-regulated pcb gene, whereas the high-light-adapted strain MED4 has only a constitutive PSII antenna. Thus, it seems that the adaptation of Prochlorococcus to low light environments has triggered a multiplication and specialization of Pcb proteins comparable to that found for Cab proteins in plants and green algae.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1038/nature01933
ISSNs: 0028-0836 (print)
Related URLs:
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Ocean & Earth Science (SOC/SOES)
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > National Oceanography Centre (NERC)
ePrint ID: 37559
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
28 August 2003Published
Date Deposited: 23 May 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:06
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/37559

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