The effect of local livestock population changes on auction market viability—a spatial analysis


Wright, Jim, Stephens, Tim, Wilson, Ron and Smith, Julian (2002) The effect of local livestock population changes on auction market viability—a spatial analysis. Journal of Rural Studies, 18, (4), 477-483. (doi:10.1016/S0743-0167(02)00032-3).

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Description/Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between auction market closures over the period 1980–2000 and livestock population
changes, as recorded in the agricultural and horticultural census. Auction market locations and census data were collated within a
Geographical Information System and changes in livestock populations examined by region and by market catchment. Regionally,
auction market closures duringthe 1980s were significantly associated with concurrent reductions in cattle numbers, with market
reductions followingloss of cattle in eastern lowland areas. No such association with livestock numbers was found duringthe 1990s.
Within these agricultural regions, individual market closures were not associated with changes in local livestock numbers within
their catchments. Thus, the historical evidence suggests that whilst a substantial loss of livestock within a region puts pressure on its
network of auction markets, the viability of individual markets within the region is decided by other factors. Such factors include the
capital costs of modernisingmarket facilities and meetingnew regulatory requirements, the effect of unpaid debt on market
cashflow, and the market’s ability to diversify into other areas of business. The recent outbreak of foot and mouth disease may lead
to further market closures, both directly as a result of livestock culls and indirectly as farmers continue to use alternative marketing
channels developed when auction markets were closed duringthe outbreak.

Item Type: Article
ISSNs: 0743-0167 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: auction markets, geographical information systems, livestock, census
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions: University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Geography > Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis
ePrint ID: 38540
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2014 18:24
Contact Email Address: j.a.wright@soton.ac.uk
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/38540

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