New intelligent transport system applications in Europe to improve bus services
Hounsell, Nick and Wall, Graham (2002) New intelligent transport system applications in Europe to improve bus services. Transportation Research Record, 1791, 85-91. (doi:10.3141/1791-13).
Applications of information technology are expanding rapidly across all modes of transport, under the general heading of Intelligent Transport Systens (ITS). For bus-based public transport, a cluster of applications has been developed that can help improve the efficiency and performance of buses on street, thus helping to provide a real transport alternative to the car. An initial summary of a range of such ITS examples in Europe is provided, including Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL), bus priority in Urban Traffic Control (UTC) systems, automatic ticketing systems, automatic camera enforcement systems and variable message signs. A detailed analysis of integrated AVL/UTC architectures in Europe is then presented, highlighting diversity in accordance with National preferences and legacy systems, and the reported cost effectiveness of such systems. The concluding discussion makes the case for open-systems and standardisation where appropriate, providing choice, flexibility and inter-operability.
|Keywords:||automatic vehicle location, bus priority, bus transit, decision making, implementation, information technology, intelligent transportation systems, investments, performance, system architecture, traffic control, variable message signs, Europe, automatic cameras, automatic ticketing|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
|Divisions:||University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
|Date Deposited:||28 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||28 Jun 2012 10:28|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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