Attentional bias in generalized anxiety disorder versus depressive disorder

Mogg, Karin and Bradley, Brendan P. (2005) Attentional bias in generalized anxiety disorder versus depressive disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, (1), 29-45.. (doi:10.1007/s10608-005-1646-y).


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This review evaluates evidence of attentional biases in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and depressive disorder from studies using modified Stroop and visual probe tasks. There appears to be fairly consistent evidence for an attentional bias for external negative cues in GAD, and for the involvement of non-conscious processes in this bias. By contrast, in clinical depression, the evidence for an attentional bias is less robust, despite depressive disorder being commonly associated with high levels of co-morbid anxiety. Where an attentional bias has been found in depressed patients, it seems to occur mainly for self-relevant negative information which is presented under conditions that allow or encourage elaborative processing. Possible explanations for this discrepant pattern of results, and their theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1007/s10608-005-1646-y
ISSNs: 0147-5916 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: attentional bias, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, modified Stroop task, visual probe task
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Clinical Neuroscience
ePrint ID: 40175
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:10

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