Genetic and physiological characterization of tomato cv. Micro-Tom

Marti, Esmeralda, Gisbert, Carmina, Bishop, Gerard J., Dixon, Mark S. and Garcia-Martinez, Jose L. (2006) Genetic and physiological characterization of tomato cv. Micro-Tom. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57, (9), 2037-2047. (doi:10.1093/jxb/erj154).


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Based on its compact habit, Micro-Tom, a dwarf cultivar of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), has been proposed as a preferred variety to carry out molecular research in tomato. This cultivar, however, is poorly characterized. It is shown here that Micro-Tom has mutations in the SELF-PRUNING (SP) and DWARF (D) genes. In addition to this, it is also shown that Micro-Tom harbours at least two independently segregating resistance loci to the plant pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. The presence of the self-pruning mutation in Micro-Tom, that generates a determinate phenotype, was confirmed by crossing and sequence analysis. It was also found that Micro-Tom has a mutation in the DWARF gene (d) that leads to mis-splicing and production of at least two shorter mRNAs. The d mutation is predicted to generate truncated DWARF protein. The d sequence defect co-segregates with dark-green and rugose leaves, characteristics of brassinosteroid biosynthesis mutants. Micro-Tom also carries at least another mutation producing internode length reduction that affects plant height but not active gibberellin (GA) levels, which were similar in dwarf and tall Micro-TomxSeverianin segregants. GAs and brassinosteroids act synergistically in Micro-Tom, and the response to GA depends on brassinosteroids because the elongation of internodes was at least six times higher when GA3 was applied simultaneously with brassinolide. A novel variety, Micro-0 that is fully susceptible to C. fulvum and almost as dwarf as Micro-Tom, has been generated from the cross of Cf0xMicro-Tom. This line represents a valuable resource for future analysis of Cf resistance genes through breeding or transformation.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1093/jxb/erj154
ISSNs: 0022-0957 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: brassinosteroids, cladosporium fulvum, dwarf, gibberellins, Micro-Tom, self-pruning, tomato
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Biological Sciences
ePrint ID: 40512
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
10 May 2006Published
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:11

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