Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy and mental health

Hastings, Richard P. and Brown, Tony (2002) Behavior problems of children with autism, parental self-efficacy and mental health. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 107, (3), 222-232. (doi:10.1352/0895-8017(2002)107<0222:BPOCWA>2.0.CO;2).


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Self-efficacy has been identified in the general parenting literature as an important variable affecting parent outcomes. In the present study, 26 mothers and 20 fathers of children with autism reported on their self-efficacy, anxiety, and depression. Teachers rated the behavior problems of the children.

Regression analyses showed that self-efficacy mediated the effect of child behavior problems on mothers' anxiety and depression, but there was no evidence that it functioned as a mediator for fathers. However, there was evidence that self-efficacy moderated the effect of child behavior problems on fathers' anxiety. No evidence for the moderating effect of self-efficacy was apparent for mothers. Methodological issues and the theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1352/0895-8017(2002)107<0222:BPOCWA>2.0.CO;2
ISSNs: 0895-8017 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: adolescent, adult, anxiety disorders, diagnosis, anxiety disorders, epidemiology, anxiety disorders, psychology autistic disorder, complications, child, child behavior, disorders, etiology, depressive disorder, diagnosis, depressive disorder, epidemiology, depressive disorder, psychology, female humans, male, parents, psychology, questionnaires, regression analysis, self efficacy, severity of illness index
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Psychology > Division of Human Wellbeing
ePrint ID: 40514
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
May 2002Published
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:11

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