Vibration problem of a spherical tank containing jet propellant: numerical simulations

Xing, J.T., Xiong, Y.P., Tan, M. and Toyota, Makoto (2006) Vibration problem of a spherical tank containing jet propellant: numerical simulations. Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, 59pp. (Ship Science Reports, 141).


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This document is the final report on the joint research project on vibration problem of a spherical tank containing jet propellant between IHI, Japan and SES, University of Southampton, UK. The background of the project is described. The fundamental principles and numerical method used in numerical simulations are presented. The detailed FEA models for each studied cases are given. The calculation results are presented using tables, curves, figures as well as the attached data files. The available experiment results are listed to compare with the numerical calculations. The calculation results show a fundamental agreement with the experiment results. The numerical analysis confirms that:

1) Due to water – tank interaction, the natural frequencies of the water – tank system are decreased with the water level increase. For the 25% water level, the natural frequencies, especially heave mode frequency, shows a significant decrease compared with the empty case. However, with continuing increase the filed water more than 25% level, the decrease gradient of the natural frequencies gradually tends to zero. In the 100% water case, the natural frequency of heave mode is about 200 Hz which can not equal zero.
2) Considering free surface wave effect produces a lot of sloshing modes of very low frequencies compared with the natural frequencies of the dry tank structure. Therefore, for dynamic response analysis with high frequency excitations, the free surface wave may be neglected. However, to assess loads caused by sloshing modes, the free surface waves have to be considered.
3) There exist relative big deformations at the four tank support places in several vibration modes, which may produce a large local stress at support places to cause the product fail in vibration environment. A strengthen local design at the support places is needed.
4) The dynamic response results are affected by damping coefficients of all modes used in the dynamic response analysis. The damping coefficients are approximately presented and therefore, the numerical results are good reference for practical designs.
The report confirms that the original purpose of this joint research project has well completed by IHI and SES.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Additional Information: ISSN 0140-3818
Keywords: fluid-structure interaction, sloshing dynamics, tank-water interaction
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions : University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences
University Structure - Pre August 2011 > School of Engineering Sciences > Fluid-Structure Interactions
ePrint ID: 42918
Accepted Date and Publication Date:
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2006
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2016 12:15

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